Ferramentas de avaliação para avaliar a independência: uma Scoping Review
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Vida independente
Assistência ao paciente
Promoção da saúde
Enfermagem em reabilitação
Pesos e medidas

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1.
Lima AM, Martins MM, Ferreira MS, Fernandes C, Schoeller S, Parola V. Ferramentas de avaliação para avaliar a independência: uma Scoping Review. Rev Port Enf Reab [Internet]. 22 de Janeiro de 2022 [citado 5 de Outubro de 2022];5(1):77-89. Disponível em: https://rper.aper.pt/index.php/rper/article/view/193

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Introdução: A independência é uma área privilegiada de intervenção do enfermeiro. A maioria das situações que motivam os internamentos, levam a uma considerável diminuição da independência da pessoa. Existem muitas escalas que mensuram a independência, pelo que é importante conhecê-las e aplicá-las adequadamente.

Metodologia: Scoping review com base nos princípios preconizados pelo Joanna Briggs Institute. Realizou-se uma pesquisa nas bases de dados: Scopus (excluindo MEDLINE), CINAHL complete (via EBSCO, Excluindo MEDLINE) e MEDLINE (via PubMed).

Resultados: Após a análise segundo os critérios de inclusão estabelecidos, foram selecionados 26 artigos, os quais fazem alusão a seis instrumentos diferentes que avaliam a independência, a saber: Functional Independence Measurement, Instrumental Activity of Daily Living Scale, Barthel Index, Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living, a Assessment of Living Skills and Resources e a Utrecht Scale for Evaluation of Rehabilitation.

Discussão: Os títulos dos instrumentos por vezes não traduzem se mensuram apenas e/ou só a independência. Quando combinada a aplicação dos diferentes instrumentos, poderá no seu conjunto dar resposta ao conceito de independência.

Conclusão: Na prática clínica é importante conhecer todos os instrumentos ao dispor para a sua aplicação, conhecendo também as suas caraterísticas e aplicabilidade. Reconhece-se que os resultados da aplicação destas ferramentas, permite caraterizar as necessidades das pessoas e responder de uma forma atempada a essas necessidades.

https://doi.org/10.33194/rper.2022.193
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